Snore / OSAS / Oral breathing / Beauty / Rehab / Lip Closing Strength


Effect of Patakara Facial Training

This article is the work of the inventor, Dr. Yoshiaki Akihiro.  Introduce the effect of facial training using Patakara.  The instruments used in the experiment are all preliminary products. According to the research results, the Patakara product has been improved to the third generation Premium Patakara. The measuring device of the lip closing strength is also upgraded to the only one that can simultaneously measure the maximum and minimum force values on the left and right sides of the lips.

Effect of Facial Training

Yoshiaki Akihiro (Patakara Co., Ltd)


Oral respiration, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome(OSAS), lifestyle-related illnesses, Sjogren syndrome, MFT, lip-closing strength


Mimic muscles will gradually wear down with age

Currently, the perspective on anti-aging is focused almost exclusively on people’s appearance. However, if the relationship between aging and the wearing down of mimic muscles and their effect on the body as a whole was made as widely known as people’s knowledge of the importance of brushing our teeth, then I believe the perspective on anti-aging will also change. In relation to mimic muscles, the majority of people are ignorant about their specific features, leading to the inability to train these muscles effectively. However, there is actually a key method for training these mimic muscles. I believe if there is a device to immobilise one side of the mimic muscles, then this will enable the counteraction of muscle wear and aging. Just like skeletal muscles being fixed at two ends, if mimic muscles could be fixed similarly, then there will be no problem regarding the aging. Thus, it is required to discover a way to fix one end of the mimic muscles during muscle training. With the ability to fix and immobilise one end of the mimic muscles, we are then able to train these muscles effectively. This would mean that even aged and worn muscles are able to recover their activity, elasticity and movement. Next will be an explanation on how to use Facial Trainer PATAKARA correctly, its effects, and benefits on beauty. 

Figure 1, The lip-shutting strengths of various age groups, and the device for measuring lip- shutting strength

The range of effects of the training of mimic muscles

Anyone can achieve and profit from the benefits of the effects of increased youth, attractiveness and health, through training of the mimic muscles. From a scientific perspective, there are the following three effects:

  1. Effects on beauty. orbicularis oris muscle group is mostly composed of cheek muscles and fine, thin mimic muscle tissue, and its muscle wear is due to aging. The fact that most of these muscles are connected means that the use of Facial Trainer PATAKARA facial training in specially designed training of the orbicularis oris muscle will lead to beauty benefits.
  2. Remediation of oral respiration during sleep. According to evolutionary studies, human muscle groups superior to the chest, originating from skeletal and smooth muscles have formed to the present state through complex structural relationships. Mimic muscles have an origin from smooth muscle tissue. It is worthy to note that having an origin from smooth muscles, there are complex relationships between these aforementioned muscle groups and Autonomous nerves disorders with unknown causes. Movements within the oral cavity are also intimately related – when the mouth is closed, the tongue will rise and touch the upper jaw; this movement can be used to improve swallowing difficulty, articulation disorders and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome, OSAS.
  3. Promoting increased and more dynamic brain function. Using light topography, it can be observed that the right frontal lobe of the brain has increased blood flow once exercise has commenced using Facial Trainer The right frontal lobe of the brain is a control centre and when blood flow is increased in this area, overall brain activity and function is increased. Considering that our body activities are controlled by the brain, let us exercise the brain first before exercising the rest of the body.
    The points of facial training mentioned above are all involved in anti-aging and the following are explanations for this.


The aim is to clearly expose the sternocleidomastoid muscle and collar bone.

The key to training mimic muscles is to first understand the differences between mimic muscles and skeletal muscles and then to apply stimulation in a correct manner and train these muscles regularly on a daily basis. Skeletal muscles are connected to bones at either end. It is a type of muscle where the effects of training are quickly seen (mimic muscles are connected to bones at one end and attached to muscle or skin at the other end). Thus, there is a disadvantage of the whole muscle being moved once one end is moved. In order to accelerate the effects of training mimic muscles, it is possible to use a palm to press against one cheek to achieve the same conditions of skeletal muscles. The final aim is to clearly expose the sternocleidomastoid muscle and collar bone. Using the thermography device, it is possible to observe the effects of exercise on this group of muscles. Figure 2. Without being able to immobilise one end of the muscle, it is not possible to perform effective exercise on these muscles which results in increasing muscle temperature. Without an effective exercise, it is not possible to recover the elasticity and firmness and achieve anti-aging effects on the mimic muscles. The main point to enable us to clearly see the facial shape and muscle tone is to continually and regularly exercise these muscles until the collar bone can be clearly seen. This will enable an appearance of youth and beauty. Apart from doing regularly exercise, in addition to using Facial Trainer PATAKARA in training, using fingers to slightly pinch the sternocleidomastoid muscle, this will enable even more rapid development of the effects of training. Effects from the training can be observed in 2 months at the latest. Figure 3-5. If clinical staff are able to show and preview to patients the patients’ state before and after treatment to give the patient more confidence in the treatment, this will enable even better effects and results from treatment.


Lip-shutting strength, from a scientific perspective: it is important to note the position of the tip of the tongue

Next, will be a discussion on how to judge the strength of our own mimic muscles. Firstly, let’s see the lip-shutting strength and position of the tip of the tongue. If the tip of the tongue can constantly touching the upper jaw behind the front teeth, this means that the lip-shutting strength is sufficiently strong and is healthy. If the tip of the tongue is constantly touching the lower jaw behind the front teeth, this means that the lip-shutting strength is insufficient and may have adverse health effects. Figure 6. When the Orbiscularis oris muscle shutting strengths have increased, the strength for the tongue touching the upper jaw will also increase (the pressure of the tongue raising up). When this strength is sufficient, this will enable the mouth to stay closed and maintain nasal respiration, even during sleep. Some people think that respiration through the nose is controlled by habit and intention. If this were really true, then how do we explain snoring and salivating during sleep? Through training Facial trainer PATAKARA of the oral cavity and its effects to promote respiration through the nose; these changes to the natural body function are very important.

  1. The relationship between nasal respiration and the respiratory tract.
    There is a close relationship between nasal respiration and the pressure of the  tongue raising up. Figure 7. During oral respiration, the tongue is touching at the lower jaw when the air is inhaled. During nasal respiration, the tip of the tongue is touching at the upper jaw, so air is inhaled through the nose and it is not possible to breathe air in through the mouth. When the tongue is touching the top of the oral cavity, the hyoid bone and the tissue of the pharynx will follow the tongue in rising upwards and the respiratory tract will be fully open. This will greatly increase the amount of air entering the body. During sleep, is it possible that nasal respiration is due to the lip-shutting strength and not to personal intention. People whose tongue is normally touching the upper jaw, are those who have greater lip-shutting strength. People whose tongue is touching the lower jaw normally are those who have weaker lip-shutting strength. Although during Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep the muscle strength will decrease, those who have stronger lip-shutting strength will still be able to maintain the tongue touching the upper jaw and enable nasal respiration. Those who have weaker lip-shutting strength will have their tongue touching the lower jaw and therefore causing blockage of the respiratory tract and leading to a lack of oxygen in the extremities. This lack of oxygen will cause the continual signalling from the extremities to the brain region, causing high activity in the brain and preventing the ability to enter a non-REM sleep. The sympathetic nerve system will be active even during sleep and break the complementation between the sympathetic nerve system and parasympathetic nerve system. This will lead to chronic disease developing. It is impossible to be healthy when the lachrymal gland, salivary gland and digestive organs are not functioning properly. This type of pressure on the brain will have a negative effect on brain function.
  1. The most suitably healthy sleep position is: facing upwards, allowing proper nasal respiration.
     Oxygen is an irreplaceable element for human survival and lack of oxygen during sleep is the reason for accelerated aging. The conditions of inhalation and exhalation of air are different during being wake and sleeping.

  1. when a person’s posture goes from up-right to lying down, the respiratory tract’s positional stress will also be changed due to gravity. At this moment, those who have weak lip-closing strength will have their tongue resting down into and blocking the respiratory, leading to a lack of oxygen in the body. Figure 8.
  2. It may be non-critical during when the body is lying down but awake, but when the person is sleeping, muscles become relaxed and the stress placed on the respiratory will lead to the passage becoming smaller.

    Being effected by oral respiration, saliva is easily dried out leading to the oral cavity developing residue and develop inflammation of the mucus and membrane of the respiratory tract. Due to long-term inflammation, the pharynx membrane will become inflamed and become swollen, and the respiratory tract will subsequently decrease in size and then be affected by the natural effects of gravity. An example of this is when adenoids swell up children, leading to snoring and OSAS.

     Figure 9. The result from a child’s increase in lip-shutting strength, leading to development of nasal respiration instead of oral respiration. This is the decrease in inflammation of the tonsils due to the flow of moist, warmer air coming from nasal respiration (figure on left is oral respiration, figure on right is after using Facial Trainer PATAKARA for 1 year and 8 months). Before finding a cause and solution to the lack of oxygen in the body, all theories and perceptions on anti-aging are speculative. So before doing anti-aging, first oral respiration must be changed to nasal respiration to remediate snoring, problems caused by the upper respiratory tract and sleep apnea syndrome.

The range of effects of the exercise and training of the lips

In many natural sciences, many discoveries have been made non-deliberately. In nursing homes and university hospitals that have been using Facial Trainer PATAKARA in research into swallowing difficulty, articulation disorder, the nurses’ first reaction was that food tasted better, cases of constipation decreased; these effects of the sympathetic nerve system were first discovered. Alternately, doctors have noted that the number of patients with decreased blood-sugar levels and decreased blood pressure had increased. This has actually been documented in some books about OSAS. The lack of oxygen during sleep and the pressure on the brain during sleep are one of the main causes of high blood pressure and diabetes. Senior people without teeth are unable to escape – lower jaw bone shrinking ⇒ tongue bone descending⇒ swallowing difficulty ⇒ articulation disorder ⇒  lack of oxygen during sleep. If people suffering from these conditions do not do lip exercises to maintain the raising of the tongue bone, then this will lead to developments of the conditions above, leading to the use of chronic medicines and causing side effects from these medicines. Next I would like to introduce a few clinical doctors who regularly use Facial Trainer PATAKARA to do lip and oral exercises.


  1. Xerostomia
    Dentists who have used Facial Trainer PATAKARA to do lip and oral exercises have noticed an increase in saliva in the mouth, have also used this to treat patients with xerostomia. After introducing this same treatment to patients, the patients also experienced the same effects and therefore enthusiastically welcomed this treatment. Other reports state dry-eye conditions can also be improved gradually. In Osaka, Sakai city’s Hino hospital rheumatoid specialist, Dr Shimizu believes in some people rheumatoid develops due to lack of good respiration during sleep. When the sleep condition is not ideal (leading to insufficient inhalation of air during sleep). This sometimes leads to chronic heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes and kidney disease. In Dr Shimizu’s rheumatoid patients who suffer from lifestyle related diseases, some of these also suffer from Sjorgren syndrome which also includes dry-eye and xerostomia. After letting these patients do Facial Trainer PATAKARA exercise for 4-6 times daily, the oral cavity conditions and swallowing function were cured and they were easily able to fall asleep after benefitting from improved respiration conditions. After 6 months, all Sjorgren syndrome symptoms had improved. Dr Shimizu’s best method was to use a blood analysis to confirm the improvement of the symptoms of the patients. The decrease in SSA antibodies in patients with Sjorgren syndrome meant that they had been cured. The result achieved from this treatment will subsequently be published in medical journals.
  1. The relationship of the parasympathetic nerve system
    Health-conscious people are aware of the effects of the parasympathetic nerve system. Doing abdominal respiration will improve blood circulation in the arms and hands. Therefore it is popular for them to perform abdominal respiration exercises. Figure 10. Enthusiasts of abdominal respiration. After using a thermograph to measure the temperature change and comparison between cases of doing abdominal exercises or doing Facial Trainer PATAKARA exercises after three minutes, comparisons showed that Facial Trainer PATAKARA exercises were more effective in stimulation the parasympathetic nerve system of the hands and feet.

  1. The results from using light topography
    Using the light topography device from Hitachi, we can observe which region of the brain has an increase in blood circulation. Maintaining a balance in blood flow within the brain is crucial for maintaining normal brain function. The most ideal is to accumulate blood in the frontal lobe of the brain, then distributing this blood to different parts of the brain. For example, the action of using the hand to hit a table will cause a blood flow change in the temporal lobe of the brain. This shows that there is a relationship between the hand and the temporal lobe of the brain. However, this does not mean repeating the action from the hand will be able to enhance the function of the brain. In Japan’s former North-East university, Prof. Sasagi published in his thesis mentioned that in studies of swallowing, cough reflex in healthy old people, people suffering from dementia disease, and brain stroke, the results showed people with dementia disease but had otherwise healthy bodies had worse reaction ability than healthy old people. The reaction ability of people with brain stroke was the worst out of the three groups of people studied. This means that the better the brain functions, this will result in improved reaction ability. This also means that conditions we commonly associate with aging are also associated with a decrease in brain function (blood flow decrease). Normal Japanese people believe, regularly chewing/biting things can prevent the development of dementia disease and similar symptoms. To prove the truth in this belief, we have asked five dentists to assist in this investigation. Firstly, let them practice using masticatory muscles (to stimulate the muscles controlled by the trigeminal nerves) while chewing gum. Then ask them to continue chewing gum while using light topography to monitor blood flow in the frontal lobe of brain. Figure 11a. The result is there is not change in blood flow. Figure 11b. When they use Facial Trainer PATAKARA facial training (stimulating facial nerves and associated muscle groups), the blood flow in the right side of the frontal lobe increased dramatically. Figure 11c. This results shows that chewing things is unable to cure dementia disease and similar symptoms. However, increasing lip-shutting strength can cure dementia disease. Figure 12. An 87 year old suffering from serious dementia disease. Here showing the effects after using Facial Trainer PATAKARA (dementia disease symptoms were completely cured after 8 months and the patient released from hospital).
  1. Gaining weight during sleep and its relationship with growth hormone.
    When sleep reaches the non-REM sleep stage, the body will secrete growth hormone. Normally people understand that growth hormone has a significant impact on children. It also has an effect in degrading fat and strengthening muscle in adults, and also preventing depression. In 2004 in Shiratori primary school in Maesawa Chou, Iwate prefecture, all students in a primary school were subjected to treatment using Facial Trainer PATAKARA for one whole year. The results of a survey showed that good quality sleep was achieved. I think that this is due to the ability to inhale a sufficient amount of air, leading to non-REM sleep. From figure 13 it can also be seen that cases of overweight people had decreased, especially in females. Although the number of individuals studied was insufficient for publishing the results, but it can be seen that being overweight is related to the fat degradation of growth hormone. Scientific papers also document that during non-REM sleep, the pituitary gland secretes hormone-interfering factors and immune factors, thereby increasing the ability to counteract disease and increase immune ability. In the study with the primary school, the number of sick absentees had also decreased. From this it can be seen that oxygen supply during sleep is crucial for overall health.

  1. Effects from stroke
    Figure 14a. 74 years old male. Stroke patient after stroke for three years, abnormal over-salivation, and swallowing difficulty and has articulation disorders. Although after stroke normal oral rehabilitation exercises were performed, there were no improvements. Figure 14b. After using Facial Trainer PATAKARA for 2 months, improvements are clearly seen. Lip and oral cavity exercises, especially training lip and mouth muscles, will easily lead to the perception that the cure of various symptoms is due to the actual training of the muscles involved in the exercise. As mentioned above, muscle movement is controlled by the brain, and that is the critical effect of the exercise. So it is due to the muscle exercises which have affected brain activity in the right frontal lobe of the brain, that have lead to an improvement in overall brain function. Traditional rehabilitation patients have focused training on the body part which has lost function; however, the loss of function is not due to the particular body part, but due to the brain’s inability to control the body part.

An ending

If we cannot acquire sufficient oxygen during our sleep, any anti-ageing therapies and activities we do during the day are pointless. I think the most important thing is to first train and maintain our bodies into a state which will enable us to actually be able to be fully affected by any therapies or treatments we undertake.

As aforementioned, to list two ideal conditions for our bodies, I believe it would be a. maintain a thorough and large, unblocked opening through the respiratory tract to ensure sufficient oxygen is able to enter the body, and, b. maintain a dynamic brain function, not allowing the blood flow in the right frontal lobe of the brain to decrease. This double effect of “hitting two birds with one stone” through training using Facial trainer PATAKARA  essential to maintaining a good overall state of health. Often the mimic muscles are only mentioned when discussing actual facial appearance. However, besides the effects described earlier, I believe they have other potential roles in overall bodily health, which are yet to be discovered. It would be a god-sent breakthrough for many people, if they could prevent the ageing and wear of mimic muscles. Although mimic muscles are fragile, they are still muscles groups. It is my hope that readers of this article are able to understand and appreciate the unique structural features of the origin and end of mimic muscles and then being able to train them properly. The key to successful anti-ageing treatment may well be in the potential effects of the activity of mimic muscles.


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